Diphtheria is a disease caused by bacteria. Corynebacterium diphteriae, which is transmitted by physical contact with a patient or by breathing their secretions.
It remains incubated for up to six days multiplying in the pharynx. Despite spreading throughout the year, the disease strikes mainly in the fall and winter periods.
The disease can be deadly if its toxins are released into the blood because it causes cell death in the liver, kidneys, adrenal glands, heart and nerves, causing them to become insufficient and still paralyze. When it infects children under the age of fifteen, it can kill in about 20% of cases. It may also occur in adults, but its greatest manifestation occurs in children.
Nausea, vomiting, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, chills, cough, fatigue, high fever, swollen lymph nodes and low blood pressure.
Treatment against the disease is done with anti-toxin and bactericidal drugs. It is important that the patient does not make physical efforts, as recovery is very slow. In some cases it is necessary to move the patient to an intensive care unit as there may be difficulty breathing, cardiac arrest, paralysis of some organs and muscles of the respiratory tract.
The disease is prevented by the triple vaccine given to babies from the second month of life. You can also acquire immunity when maternal antibodies are inserted into the baby's body through the placenta.